Many 形式 of 電聲學/电声学 樂/乐 制作 are founded on the 用 of 声波 錄/录 at some stage of their 创作 历史 those 形式 of 電聲學/电声学 樂/乐 descended from the 樂/乐 實/具体 comprise of studio-based 调查 into 录制 声波 对象 The 过程 of 声波 錄/录 and 作曲 are 经常 不可能 to conceive of as entirely independent 錄/录 is part of the 樂/乐 创作 rather than a 卷宗 of the 表演 of an 现有 樂/乐 or 即兴

錄/录 may be monophonic 立体声 multi-microphone 通常 in order to 捕捉 空间 动作 of 声波 at 源 rather than simulate it later or in one of many 可能 环绕 声波 格式 e g 声重发系统 Sometimes specialist 声筒(麦克风) such as contact mics or underwater mics will be employed in the 錄/录 of 材料

In the French 语言 much greater 细微差别 is 可能 around this 术语 prise de son The theorist Michel Chion has proposed the 概念 of 'fixing' 声 sono-fixation in preference to 声波 錄/录 to 突出 the non-passive and 创造力 活动 which it represents Hence the 术语 l'Art des Sons Fixés